Wednesday, March 30, 2016

Cystic Fibrosis; Clinical Manifestations

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common autosomal recessive life-shortening disease among whites but also affects all races. There are approximately 30,000 individuals in the United States with diagnosed CF. Progress in the understanding of the underlying genetic defect and pathophysiology and the impact of this knowledge on CF care have been rapid over the past 20 years, resulting in remarkable improvements in quality of life and survival.

Tuesday, July 14, 2015

Paraphenylene Diamine (PPD, Diamond Paraffin, Kala pathar) Poisoning

Paraphenylene Diamine (PPD, Diamond Paraffin, Kala pathar), a component of various hair dyes, is an emerging suicidal/homicidal poisoning in developing countries like Pakistan and India. It is called as “Kala pathar” in local language.

Sunday, May 31, 2015

Dengue Fever in Pakistan & DEAG Recommendations

Dengue fever also known as breakbone fever, is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles.

Sunday, April 19, 2015

AACE/ACE New, Practical Type 2 Diabetes Guidelines 2015

The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) have issued new, more comprehensive guidelines outlining optimal care for patients with type 2 diabetes.

Thursday, April 02, 2015


 Described as the loss of longitudinal and lateral convexity of the nail, with thinning and fraying of the distal portion or put simply – spoon-shaped nails.